"Nine Inch Nails" (abbreviated as "NIN") is a Grammy-winning American industrial rock act, founded in 1988 by Trent Reznor in Cleveland, Ohio. As its main producer, singer, songwriter, and instrumentalist, Reznor is the only official member of Nine Inch Nails and remains solely responsible for its direction. Other rumored explanations have circulated, alleging that Reznor chose to reference Jesus' crucifixion with nine-inch spikes, or Freddy Krueger's nine-inch fingernails. The Nine Inch Nails' logo, which consists of the letters "NI?" set inside a border, was designed by Reznor and Gary Talpas. The logo first appeared on NI?'s debut, "Down in It", and was inspired by Tibor Kalman's typography on the Talking Heads album "Remain in Light". Talpas, a native of Cleveland, would continue to design NIN packaging art until 1997.
==="Pretty Hate Machine"===
Written, arranged, and performed by Trent Reznor, Nine Inch Nails' first album "Pretty Hate Machine" debuted in 1989. It marked Reznor's first collaboration with Adrian Sherwood (who produced the lead single "Down in It" in London, England without having met Reznor face-to-face) Influenced by late-1970s rock albums "Low" and "The Wall", by David Bowie and Pink Floyd respectively, "The Downward Spiral" features a wide range of textures and moods to illustrate the mental progress of a central character. Flood once again co-produced several tracks on the album, though it proved to be his last collaboration with Nine Inch Nails. Longtime Flood-collaborator Alan Moulder mixed most of "The Downward Spiral" and subsequently took on more extensive production duties for future NIN releases.
The album spawned two singles, "March of the Pigs" and "Closer", along with "Hurt" and "Piggy" which were issued to radio without a commercial single release. The music video for "Closer" was directed by Mark Romanek and received frequent rotation on MTV, though the network made extensive edits to the original version, which they perceived to be graphic. A radio edit that partially mutes the song's explicit lyrics also received extensive airtime. Like "The Fragile", "With Teeth" debuted on top of the "Billboard" 200. The album's package art lacks typical liner notes; instead it simply lists the names of songs and co-producers, and the URL for an online PDF poster with lyrics and full credits. The entire album was made available in streaming audio on the band's official MySpace page in advance of its release date. Critical reception of the album was generally favorable: "Rolling Stone"s Rob Sheffield described the album as "vintage Nine Inch Nails", while Robert Christgau criticized the album as "shtick".
A promotional video for the song "The Hand That Feeds" premiered on NIN's website in March 2005, rather than the traditional music channels. Reznor also released the source files for the song in GarageBand format a month later, allowing fans to remix the song. Reznor similarly released files for the album's second single "Only" in a wider range of formats, including Pro Tools and ACID Pro. David Fincher directed a video for "Only" using primarily computer-generated imagery. The third single, "Every Day Is Exactly the Same", was released in April 2006, but a planned music video was reportedly scrapped in the post-production stage. The song topped "Billboard"s 2006 year-end Hot Dance Singles Sales and Hot Digital Songs charts.
Nine Inch Nails launched a North American arena tour in autumn 2005, supported by Queens of the Stone Age, Autolux and Death from Above 1979
. Another opening act on this tour, hip-hop artist Saul Williams
, performed on stage with Nine Inch Nails at the Voodoo Music Experience festival during a headlining appearance in hurricane-stricken New Orleans, Reznor's former home. To conclude the "With Teeth" era of the band, NIN completed a tour of North American amphitheaters in the summer of 2006, joined by Bauhaus
, TV on the Radio, and Peaches.
Similar to the announcement that ultimately led to the release of "Ghosts I-IV", a post on the band's website in April 2008 read "2 weeks!" Before any further announcements were made American radio stations began playing a new single entitled "Discipline". In 1997, Reznor appeared in "Time" magazine's list of the year's most influential people, and "Spin" magazine described him as "the most vital artist in music". The RIAA certified sales for 10.5 million units of the band's albums in the United States, which accounts for roughly half of the band's reported sales worldwide. Bob Ezrin, producer for Pink Floyd, KISS
, Alice Cooper, and Peter Gabriel, described Reznor in 2007 as a "true visionary" and advised aspiring artists to take note of his no-compromise attitude. During a rare appearance at the "Kerrang!" Awards in London that year, Nine Inch Nails accepted the "Kerrang!" Icon, honoring the band's long-standing influence on rock music. "Weird Al" Yankovic did an obvious parody of his style of music entitled "Germs", though it was not acknowledged as a parody of his songs, either for copyright reasons or because it did not parody one of his songs in particular, but his type of music.
Trent Reznor is the sole official member of Nine Inch Nails. However, Reznor has typically formed a backing group of musicians to perform the songs in a live setting. This live band, also known as Nine Inch Nails, rearranges the band's studio catalog and creates a different sound than that of Reznor's studio recordings. Band members have occasionally been invited to participate in the recording process, but creative control within the studio has always been exclusively with Reznor.
The band Tapeworm was created in 1995 as a Nine Inch Nails side-project between Reznor and various live-band members as a more "democratic" creative environment. The band initially included band members Danny Lohner and Charlie Clouser, but eventually expanded to feature other frequent NIN contributors Josh Freese, Atticus Ross, and Alan Moulder. However, after 9 years of studio sessions, no material was ever officially released from the group, and it was confirmed to be no longer active in 2005.
The lineup of the live band has a tendency to change drastically between major tours: aside from Reznor remaining on lead vocals and guitar, no member of the live band has remained constant since its inception. Reznor cited the long gestation period between studio albums as part of the reason for these frequent personnel changes. The 2008 incarnation of the live band will feature Reznor with Alessandro Cortini, Robin Finck, Josh Freese, and Justin Meldal-Johnsen.. On the 10/8/08 Josh Freese announced that he will be leaving the band at the end of the year.
Trent Reznor is an outspoken critic of the music industry, particularly corporate influence on his artistic freedom. As a result, Nine Inch Nails has clashed with several corporations, culminating in a decision to proceed as a free agent without any recording label contracts.
In the early 1990s, Nine Inch Nails was involved in a much-publicized feud with TVT Records, the first record label to sign the band. Reznor objected to the label's attempted interference with his intellectual property. Reznor's post, specifically his criticism of the recording industry at large, elicited considerable media attention. In September 2007, Reznor continued his attack on UMG at a concert in Australia, urging fans there to "steal" his music online instead of purchasing it legally. Reznor went on to encourage the crowd to "steal and steal and steal some more and give it to all your friends and keep on stealin'."
Reznor announced on October 8, 2007 that Nine Inch Nails had fulfilled its contractual commitments to Interscope Records and was now free to proceed as a "totally free agent, free of any recording contract with any label". Reznor also speculated that he would release the next NIN album online in a similar fashion to "The Inevitable Rise and Liberation of NiggyTardust!", which he produced.
Via another post on the official NIN website, Reznor again openly criticized Universal Music Group for preventing him from launching an official interactive fan remix website. Universal declined to host the site just days before its scheduled launch, citing the potential "accusation", in Reznor's words, "that they are sponsoring the same technical violation of copyright they are suing for". Reznor wrote in response that he was "challenged at the last second to find a way of bringing this idea to life without getting splashed by the urine as these media companies piss all over each other's feet". Despite these obstacles, the remix website was launched on November 27, 2007.
Nine Inch Nails has produced eight major studio releases:
*1989: "Pretty Hate Machine"
*1994: "The Downward Spiral"
*1999: "The Fragile"
*2005: "With Teeth"
*2007: "Year Zero
*2008: "Ghosts I–IV"
*2008: "The Slip"
In addition, the band has released four remix albums:
*1995: "Further Down the Spiral"
*2000: "Things Falling Apart"
*2007: "Year Zero Remixed"
Nine Inch Nails has also released numerous singles containing several B-sides, and tour documentaries. The majority of these are labeled with "Halo numbers", a sequential numbering system used to catalog the core Nine Inch Nails body of work.
Nine Inch Nails has been nominated for ten Grammy Awards and has won twice. Winning nominations are listed below in bold.
*Wish" — Best Metal Performance, 1992"
*"The Downward Spiral" — Best Alternative Music Performance, 1994 (nomination)
*Happiness in Slavery" — Best Metal Performance, 1995 (from "Woodstock '94" compilation)"
*"Hurt" — Best Rock Song, 1995 (nomination)
*"The Perfect Drug" — Best Hard Rock Performance, 1997 (nomination)
*"The Fragile" — Best Alternative Music Performance, 1999 (nomination)
*"Starfuckers, Inc." — Best Metal Performance, 1999 (nomination)
*"Into the Void" — Best Male Rock Vocal Performance, 2000 (nomination)
*"The Hand That Feeds" — Best Hard Rock Performance, 2005 (nomination)
*"Every Day Is Exactly the Same" — Best Hard Rock Performance, 2006 (nomination)
Referenced from Wikipedia: Nine Inch Nails